What is community?


Community is an area of social living; Arnold Green described it as ‘local territorial group’. According to MacIver:


Wherever the members of a group small or large live together in such a way that they share not this or that particular interest, but the basic conditions of a common life, is a community


Meaning of Community:

The concept of community is derived from the Latin word commune, which meaning is to communicate. Accordingly, by community is meant such a group of people between whom there is a common mode of communicating with one another. There is a similarity in their languages, habits, and customs, means of livelihood and conditions and characteristics of common life. It constituent conditions are as under:


* A geographical boundary for permanent settlement of number of individuals and their families including land to provide means of subsistence.

* Interaction between such individuals in earning their livelihood and leading a collective life.

* Representing similarity in their common way of life to be regarded as a unit by others.

* Having a prototype of organization for their mutual security and survival.


Characteristic of community:


* It is an organized group of individuals settled in the geographic area.

* Its members have a permanent abode in a limited area.

* It has a complete social organization of its own as to the use of land, water etc.

* It has organized meaning of subsistence for its inheritance such as farming, animal husbandry etc.

* It maintains itself and the whole population of the country by providing food materials.

* The individual members are held together by unity of thoughts, actions and beliefs.

* There is simplicity and similarity of its individual’s common life.

* Its members give preference to their collective interest of safety and integrity.

* After family and neighbourhood it is the second basic unit of society.

* It serves as local administrative unit.



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6 thoughts on “What is community?

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