Characteristics of Culture:
Following are the main Characteristics of Culture
* Culture is not attained by biological inheritance rather it is man’s learned behaviour during his life through various means. Lowie thus defined it as ‘social tradition’
* It is the product of society and as such depends upon its persistence. It persists as long as society exists.
* It travels from one generation to another and from one place to another, Ralph Linton called this process as ‘social heritage’
* It integrates the individuals to the society which leads to national solidarity and stability
* It provides mental peace to individuals having necessary means for the satisfaction of their bio-genie and socio-genie needs
* It consists of basic concepts to serve as ideals for the individual members of the society such as group habit, pattern and values to be followed
* It grows with the condition of new elements or traits. The new element is generally the new invention. When the new element is used as substitute of the existing one it is called ‘culture change’
* Since societies are independent and interrelated there is exchange of some cultural items between them. This process in known as ‘cultural borrowing’
* Our thoughts and behaviours are modelled on our cultural patterns that we learn
* Every culture has its specific symbols which gives distinctive identity to its individuals. In this context culture is the distinct way of life of a people
* How human groups have maintained themselves in different natural environments, procured their economic means and exchanged their goods and services speaks of the activism of culture. These are called the practical or external or tangible aspect of culture.
* It has a historical background
* It is selective. It does not travel as a whole rather some of its traits are borrowed by other groups such the language or clothing etc.